Septic shock from multiple intra-abdominal Streptococcus constellatus abscesses unamenable to percutaneous drainage

Faraz Badar, Aqsa Ashraf, Shaheryar Usman, Asma Iftikhar


Streptococcus constellatus are gram-positive cocci belonging to the Streptococcus milleri group that have a propensity to cause bacteremia and abscesses, especially in immunocompromised patients. Here, we report the case of a 39-year-old male who was initially admitted to the hospital for diabetic ketoacidosis. During the hospitalization, he developed sepsis and blood cultures grew Streptococcus constellatus. CT imaging revealed multiple hepatic abscesses. A periapical abscess of the left mandibular central incisor found on CT Scan of face was identified as the likely source of infection. IR-guided drainage was performed however the patient went on to develop septic shock despite attempted source control and IV antibiotic therapy. Repeat imaging showed persistent hepatic abscesses in addition to new intraperitoneal abscesses necessitating exploratory laparotomy, drainage and abdominal washout. Fluid cultures grew Streptococcus constellatus and common enteric flora. Our report highlights the need for high clinical suspicion in cases of Streptococcus constellatus bacteremia to obtain diagnostic imaging for any abscess formation. Prolonged antibiotic therapy is a must and imaging guided or surgical drainage may be needed.


bacteremia; streptococcus; liver abscesses; septic shock

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