Retroperitoneal liposarcoma: unveiling diagnostic delays and multimodal treatment dilemmas

Vlad Ionut Vlasceanu, Radu Petru Soroceanu, Daniel Vasile Timofte, Andi Gabriel Iordache, Cristina Ciobanu Strobescu, Sergiu Timofeiov


Liposarcomas are a prevalent subtype of soft tissue sarcomas, constituting less than 1% of all malignancies. Originating in the adipose tissue, they can manifest in various locations and are categorized by the World Health Organization into several subtypes: well-differentiated liposarcomas, dedifferentiated liposarcomas, myxoid liposarcomas, pleomorphic liposarcomas and mixed-type liposarcomas. These tumors typically affect middle-aged and older individuals, and their incidence has been progressively increasing over the years. As liposarcomas advance they tend to encase blood vessels and major organs, particularly in the retroperitoneal area. Often asymptomatic initially, symptoms arise as the tumor reaches a considerable size, exerting pressure on adjacent tissues and organs. This report features a 54-year-old patient incidentally diagnosed with a substantial retroperitoneal tumor extending to the antero-lateral abdominal wall and inner thigh via the right inguinal ligament. The patient, with a previous three-year history of a right inguinal mass, sought acute care for a perianal abscess The histological examination revealed morphological aspects consistent with a low-grade myxoid liposarcoma. While surgery remains the primary treatment for retroperitoneal liposarcomas, controversies exist regarding the role of radiotherapy and chemotherapy in improving survival rates. This case highlights the challenges in managing retroperitoneal tumors and underscores the importance of a personalized, multidisciplinary approach to optimize patient outcomes.


liposarcoma; retroperitoneal; surgery; low-grade; myxoid

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